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SRS Mermaid Sea Rangers Site: Encyclopedia

List of available Encyclopedias in SRS Mermaid Sea Rangers Site:

· Ensigns - what are they and who is entitled to wear them?
They are national flags as worn by the ships of a nation. Many countries that have navies as well as merchant ships use two ensigns, one for naval ships and one for merchant vessels. For British ships three ensigns are used, white, red and blue. All flags have the union flag in their top left hand quarter. The white ensign is the flag of St George with the union flag in its top left hand quadrant. Ships and naval shore establishments fly the White Ensign, indicating that they are units of the Royal Navy. Naval auxiliary vessels fly the Blue Ensign. HM Revenue and Customs also fly at Blue Ensign defaced with a crown & portcullis, as can HM Post Office vessels. Merchant ships commanded by Retired Officers of the Royals Navy are permitted to fly the Blue Ensign. The Red Ensign is flown by vessels of the merchant navy. The Royal Yacht Squadron, who are based in Cowes, on the Isle of Wight, have the Admiralties permission to also fly the white ensign. Many yacht clubs also have approval for their yachts to fly the Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of the club. Any British vessel may fly the Red Ensign and many yacht clubs also have permission to fly this defaced. The scout association have the scout badge on their Red Ensign. The Red Ensign is nicknamed ‘The red duster’. Royal Air Force vessels fly a sky blue ensign, defaced with an RAF roundel. The use of the union flag on a vessel is illegal and has been since the days of Charles 1 when he ordered that it be restricted to His Majesty's ships "upon pain of Our high displeasure" in the 17th century. This is thought to be mainly due to its unauthorised use by merchant mariners to avoid paying harbour duties by passing themselves off as Royal vessels. Originally all three ensigns belonged to the Royal Navy. When the fleet was at sea for long periods during the 18th century it was customary to give each division of a fleet a different coloured ensign. Thus, the senior division (in the centre) took the Red Ensign, the next senior (the van) the Blue Ensign and the junior division (the rear) took the white. In practice the three flags became confused and in battle and at the Battle of Trafalgar, Lord Nelson ordered that all ships should wear the White Ensign, the White Ensign being much more easy to distinguish in the smoke of battle than either the red or blue. This practice gradually spread and in 1864 the Admiralty officially laid down that henceforth the White Ensign was to be the only ensign worn by ships of the Royal navy. As a consequence the Red Ensign, the senior colour, was adopted as the national ensign of Great Britain and therefore taken as the merchant flag; the Blue Ensign was given to the Royal Naval Reserve. The union flag is worn by HM Ships of the Royal Navy , when in harbour, at the forward jackstaff, between the hours of 0800 and sunset, unless the ship is being refitted.

· Buoyancy Aids
RYA Guidance for beginners and less experienced water users: Buoyancy Aids should be used: * Using personal watercraft - jet ski * When sailing a dinghy * Novice windsurfers * Providing safety cover for the above type of activities

· Lifejackets
RYA Guidance for wearing lifejackets: * When on an open boat (e.g. small power boat or rib) * When going ashore in a yacht tender * On a sailing yacht or motor cruiser - unless you don't need to * At all times if you are a non-swimmer and when there is any possibility of entering the water * When the skippers tells you to * When abandoning ship and WHENEVER YOU FEEL YOU WANT TO WEAR ONE

· Clouds and how to make them!

· Camping
Making a bedding roll  Lay out your groundsheet and then make your bed on top - foam sleep mat, sleeping bag, small pillow, pyjamas, teddy, the lot.
Roll the foam mat up around the sleeping bag etc as tightly and as small as you can
Wrap the groundsheet round everything else as if wrapping a birthday present - bring two edges together and roll them together, then roll each end up and tie a piece of thin rope up round the lot with a packers knot.

It helps to do it in pairs!

· Weather

· Swimming - Go wild, stay safe
thinking of doing more sea or river swimming? here are some RNLI safety tips:
  • cold water shock can occur within seconds of sudden immersion in cold water, causing a gasping reaction and an increase in blood pressure and heart rate. It is the major cause of drowning
  • use a wetsuit that keeps you warm and comfortable, allowing your body to perfrom more efficiently
  • read the safety signs - they will providelocal specific hazard information
  • join a local club or go with other Sea Rangers. It's more run to swim with friends and safer too - see outdoorswimmingsociety.com
  • swimming in the sea can be challenging - practise in a pool!
  • if you get caught in a rip current, try to stay clm and don't panic. If you can swim parallel to the beach until free from the rip, then make for the shore
  • understand tides. Tide times can be found at tourist information centres, in local papers and online at easytide.com
  • find out about the local beach before you visit. Check both the water quality  and whether lifeguards are present by logging onto goodbeachguide.co.uk
  • swim between the red and yellow flags on lifeguarded beaches
  • if you get into difficulty, stick your hand in the air and shout for help
  • if you see someone else in trouble, find a lifeguard or diall 999 and ask for the coastguard

· General Test for all Elementary Boating Permits
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1          (a)     Know the boating safety rules and how to prevent accidents

            (b)     Be aware of the hazards associated with water sports (e.g. Weil's Disease, Blue Green Algae etc)

  2          Understand the importance of upholding the reputation of the Sea Ranger Association     3          Know the rules for meeting, passing and crossing other vessels, know the sound signals     4          Know the local hazards within the area covered by the permit     5          Know how to care for a lifejacket/buoyancy aid and know their different functions     6          Be able to swim 50 metres:             (a)     wearing clothing             (b)     wearing clothing and a lifejacket/buoyancy aid     7          Demonstrate the expired air method of resuscitation and subsequent treatment including the recovery position and know how to treat minor injuries

  8          Use the following knots in a boating context:  

            Bowline             Clove hitch             Round turn and two half hitches             Figure of eight stopper knot             Highwayman's hitch

    9          Whip a rope's end and seal the end of a synthetic rope     10        Throw an unweighted line 11 metres with reasonable accuracy     11        Understand and where possible demonstrate the following methods of rescue:             talk, reach, throw, wade, row, swim and tow    

1. Be able to name: (a) 8 parts of a rowing dinghy and oar (b) the parts of a canoe and kayak (c) 6 parts of a sailing dinghy and sail (d) 6 parts of a sailboard 2. Know 16 points of a compass 3. Demonstrate the following bends and hitches and show their practical use: (a) reef knot (b) clove hitch (c) sheetbend (d) round turn and two half hitches (e) bowline (f) figure of eight (g) double sheetbend (h) fisherman's bend (anchor knot) 4. Demonstrate how to make fast to a ringbolt, cleat, bollard and stake 5. Throw an unweighted line 10 metres accurately twice out of three 6. Identify the following ensigns and know who is entitled to wear them: (a) white (b) red (c) blue 7. Find the origin of the ship after which the crew was named 8. (a) Know the times of the different watches (b) Strike the ship's tme on the bell 9. Using a boatswain's call, pipe: (a) the still (b) carry on (c) all hands (d) pipe the side 10. Using a manikin or mask, demonstrate basic life support techniques 11. Demonstrate basic life support techniques 12. Demonstrate: (a) how to treat shock (b) how to deal with bleeding (c) how to deal with burns and scalds

· National Anthem
SRS Mermaid Rangers In celebration of Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee year all rangers will learn the words to the third verse of the national anthem - this will be sung at divisions in future. to learn visit you tube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tN9EC3Gy6Nk

0 0 1 165 944 ASP Management 7 2 1107 14.0 Normal 0 false false false EN-GB JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} The use of the “Boatswain’s Call” is almost lost in antiquity, but we know that the most ancient galley slaves of Greece and Rome kept stroke by a flute or whistle. Its use in English ships has been traced back to about 1248AD, during the Crusades.   The call was usually used as a badge of rank, and as such was worn by the Lord High Admirals of England from 1485 until 1562, after which it reverted to its original use for passing orders. It was known as the ‘Whistle of Honour’ and was made of gold and suspended from the neck by a gold chain. Since 1671, it has been known as a “call”.   In the Royal Navy the “boatswains call” is used to pass orders ·      By certain recognised sounds, which is better than the human voice as the sounds are unlikely to be confused ·      By sounds followed by a shouted order ·      And to give salutes and marks of respect

Piping is really the shouting, or singing out, of the order following the use of the call, and now the whole procedure is known as ‘piping’. Often several calls are used in unison. Nowadays, the sound of piping is broadcast through a chip by means of loudspeakers.  


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