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SRS Mermaid Sea Rangers Site FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)



Category: Main ->

Question
·  What are the boating safety rules?
·  How are boating accidents prevented?
·  What is Weil's Disease?
·  What is Blue Green Algae?
·  What are the hazards associated with water sports?
·  When boating what are the rules avaioding collisions?
·  What are the rescue methods?

Answer
·  What are the boating safety rules?

Standard of Boat Work At all times a Sea Ranger Crews boating should be of the highest possible standard. Before taking out a boat the Sea Ranger in change or coxwain should make sure of the following points: 1. The boat is in a safe condition for the size of the crew and the weather 2. Boat bungs are secure and you have a spare 3. A baler and sponge is on board ? fenders if required 4. One of the members of the crew or passenger holds the required Boat Permit in accordance with regulations 5. The crew is correctly dressed ? wearing boating shoes and clothing suitable for the weather conditions 6. All gear is neatly stowed, is complete including a boat hook if needed 7. The boat is clean and tidy in appearance On leaving the moorings, the painter must be neatly coiled and stowed down in the boat, and fenders brought in. General Points for Coxwains 1. Strict discipline is the responsibility of the coxwain. As the safety of the crew depends on her, this must be maintained 2. The best oarsman should take the stroke oar and sets the pace and length of the stroke. 3. The coxwain should watch the style of the crew and see they sit correctly, upright, square on the thwarts, both hands on the loom of the oar 4. When changing positions in the boat only one member of the crew moves at a time 5. When coming alongside moorings or vessels, come in against the tide or wind, whichever is the stronger. On rivers, moor the bows of the boat up stream 6. Rowing boats always give way to sail 7. If you are being towed, be sure you can release your boar at any time 8. Never overload a boat or underman it 9. On rivers, when using locks, keep your boat well away from the upstream gates, particularly if the boat is light. Keep the gunwale clear of the lockside, and also of the wall chains.

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·  How are boating accidents prevented?

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·  What is Weil's Disease?

Leptospirosis is also known as Weil's Disease is an infectious condition that can cause a range of different symptoms such as mild flu-like symptoms or, in severe cases, result in multiple organ failure and internal bleeding. Following these serious symptoms, leptospirosis can sometimes result in death. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic condition, which means that it can be spread from animals to humans. Animals such as rats, pigs and dogs can become infected by bacteria called leptospires. They can then contaminate a water source by urinating into it. If a human then comes into close contact with the infected water, such as through the eyes mouth, nose or any cuts in their skin, they can become infected with leptospirosis. How common is leptospirosis? Leptospirosis is a global condition that is found across the world. Rates of leptospirosis are highest in tropical and sub-tropical locations, particularly in rural areas. However, the condition is becoming increasingly widespread in urban areas that have poor sanitation. It is estimated that globally 10 million people will catch leptospirosis every year. It is hard to estimate how many people die from leptospirosis because many cases occur in parts of the developing world where causes of death are not routinely reported. However, some experts have estimated that the fatality rate from leptospirosis could range from five to 25%. Deaths from leptospirosis are higher in countries where access to good quality healthcare is limited. In England and Wales, leptospirosis is very rare, with an average of 40 cases being reported each year. Since 1996, there have been three deaths from leptospirosis. Prognosis The symptoms of leptospirosis can vary widely from person to person. Some people with the condition can have no symptoms at all, although most will experience symptoms that are similar to influenza (flu). An estimated five to 10% of people will experience the most serious form of leptospirosis, which is also known as Weil?s disease. Weil?s disease can cause: kidney failure, jaundice, shock, internal bleeding, and inflammation of the heart. Leptospirosis can be treated using antibiotics. Hospital admission is usually required for the most serious form of leptospirosis because the body?s functions will need to be supported until the infection has passed. Taken from http://www.nhs.uk/conditions Jan 2009

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·  What is Blue Green Algae?

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·  What are the hazards associated with water sports?

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·  When boating what are the rules avaioding collisions?

Meeting other vessels? Passing other vessels? A vessels is considered to be the overtaking vessel when it is 22 1/2 degrees 'abaft the beam' of the vessel it is overtaking Crossing?

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·  What are the rescue methods?

Talk - Reach - Throw - Wade - Row - Swim - Tow

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