|· The Union Flag|
The union flag is a combination of the flags of the patron saints of the countries that constitute the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
These are St. George of England, St Patrick of Ireland and St Andrew of Scotland.
However, St David and the flag of Wales, which is white and green (half and half ? divided across the middle) with a red dragon is the middle is not in fact included.
Each of the other three country flags are overlaid on top of each other.
The background is from the blue flag with a white diagonal cross of St Andrew of Scotland.
On top of this is the red cross from the flag of St George of England.
This was the union flag until 1801 when St Patrick?s red diagonal cross of Ireland was included.
can you answer the following questions?
What are the colours of the cross for the patron Saint of England?
His flag has been a red cross since the time of the Crusade ? a period of 200 years of religious battles across Europe which began in 1095 ? when the English soldiers wore a red cross on their uniforms.
What was St George famous for?
Killing a dragon
If fact he did not really kill a dragon, but in 303 he was tortured for his beliefs and died on 23rd April.
What is the 23rd April called today?
St George?s Day - And now we know why.
Sometimes the union flag is called a Jack, who knows why?
The union flag becomes a Jack when it is flown from a ship's jack mast at the bow on Royal Naval vessels in harbour.
[ Back to Top ]